After more than three years and two rounds of briefing, the California Supreme Court has issued its long-awaited decision in Brinker Restaurant Corp. v. Superior Court. Overall, the decision is a significant win for employers. Here are the key points in the unanimous decision that the Court issued today:
- Employers do not have to police their employees to make sure that they’re taking their meal breaks. They’re required to (1) relieve employees of all duty; (2) relinquish control over their activities; and (3) permit them a reasonable opportunity to take an uninterrupted 30-minute break.
- Employers still need a meal break policy and still need to record the time that employees begin and end their breaks. But if employers make the breaks available (as specified in the prior paragraph) and an employee cuts his or her break short (or doesn’t take one), the employer does not owe a penalty. The employer would, however, need to pay the employee for the time worked.
- As before, employers have to mean it when they say they’re making the meal breaks available. They can’t pressure employees or provide incentives for them to skip breaks.
- There is no rolling 5-hour rule. In other words, there’s no penalty if an employee works 5 consecutive hours without a meal period (as the plaintiffs in Brinker argued). This is a huge relief because, when the Court asked for post-hearing briefing on this issue, it raised the specter that almost every employer in the state had a policy that was wrong.
- So the rule for meal periods remains:
o Employees who work no more than 5 hours get no meal period.
o Employees who work over 5 but no more than 6 hours get a meal period, unless they’ve waived it in writing. If they don’t waive it, the meal period must begin by the end of the 5th hour.
o Employees who work more than 6 but no more than 10 hours get a meal period regardless of whether there’s a waiver. The meal period must begin by the end of the 5th hour.
o Employees who work more than 10 hours get a 2nd meal period. If they work no more than 12 hours they can waive it. If they don’t waive it, the meal period must begin by the end of the 10th hour.
- The rules for rest breaks remain the same.
o Employees who work no more than 3.5 hours get no rest period.
o Employees who work 3.5 to 6 hours get 1 rest period.
o Employees who work more than 6 and up to 10 hours get 2 rest periods.
o Employees who work more than 10 and up to 14 hours get 3 rest periods.
There will still be wage and hour class actions and, in some ways, the Court lowered the bar on the procedural requirements for getting a class certified. But overall, employers can breathe a collective sigh of relief.
Many thanks to Nancy Yaffe for helping to put this information together. If you’d like to read the full opinion, you can do so here (pdf).